• Retired Investor
  • Making Effective Use of IRAs as Part of an Estate Plan

    by Daniel Sudit and Kevin G. McCandlish

    It is a common misconception that once you designate a beneficiary for your individual retirement account (IRA) assets, either through your investment adviser or a retirement plan provider, those assets are taken care of in regard to estate planning. It is true that this step does affirm who will receive your retirement assets at passing; however, in order to complete a holistic estate plan, other key issues should be addressed.

    There are effective uses of an IRA as part of the estate planning process that most retirees have prepared for. These steps include taking taxable withdrawals from your IRA when your tax bracket is lowest, often right after retirement, completing your beneficiary designation forms in a consistent manner with your estate planning documents, and avoiding naming your estate as your IRA beneficiary. In addition to these commonly discussed themes, you want to ensure your assets are being maximized in accordance with your wishes. This column will cover three complex estate planning strategies for retirement dollars that are often not addressed prior to passing. We have found that they may have sizeable tax effects to an individual’s estate.

    Bequest Your IRA to Charity

    Many of us are charitably inclined, but could be financially unable to commit a large sum of funds to the causes we are passionate about during our lifetime. Utilizing your retirement assets to make a charitable bequest at your passing is a tax-efficient method to reducing your taxable estate while providing a generous gift to a cause you support. By bequeathing your IRA to a tax-exempt entity (e.g., the YMCA or a public non-profit university), the funds will transfer to the charity tax-free. The charitable beneficiary will receive the entire benefit of your bequest and your estate will receive the full charitable deduction for estate tax purposes, reducing the size of your taxable estate. Depending on the size of your estate and your state of domicile, this deduction could mean the difference between your estate being over or under the federal or applicable state estate tax exclusion limit.

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    Daniel Sudit is a market manager at BMO Private Bank.
    Kevin G. McCandlish , CTFA, is a wealth adviser at BMO Private Bank.


    Dave Samuels from CA posted over 2 years ago:

    Also, designating Required Minimum Distributions to a charity may be appropriate if the IRA owner does not need these distributions. This avoids the IRA owner having to pay taxes on these distributions.

    Dave Samuels CFP

    John Huber from CO posted over 2 years ago:

    I would love it if AAII would continue with this topic. For example grandchildren are usually minors. Who will administer the IRA?

    The major benefit of leaving a Roth IRA to your grandchildren is to let it grow tax free over decades from a modest sum into a tax free fortune. How do you keep your grandchildren's fingers out of the till? How does one set up an IRA-Trust where the IRS will not force all of it to be distributed within 5 years? And so on and so on.

    As us baby boomers begin to die off, IRAs will probably be the largest assets we leave behind. AAII's guideance would be a big help.

    Kasturi from NJ posted over 2 years ago:

    Are there any recommendations for asset classes that could be used to ensure tax free growth with minimal or no management after the owner passes?

    Peter Pelz from MD posted over 2 years ago:

    I would also like to see more topics on this subject. This topic is always presented in fragmented form. A small topic here and there. Would also like to see the steps one has to go through after the death of one spouse for a Husband and Wife Living Revocable Trust,and for a Pour Over Will. What are the steps that need to be taken by the surviving spouse in terms of retitling of accounts, IRAs, Annuities, tax returns, etc.

    Peter Rasmussen from MN posted over 2 years ago:

    Mr. Samuels - The tax benefit of donating MRD to a Qualified Charity is no longer true for 2014.

    Pete B from NJ posted over 2 years ago:

    A very useful article and I agree that more on this general topic would be useful.

    One question: The second technique is to "name grandchildren as Roth IRA beneficiaries." Does the GST-exemption only apply to grandchildren? How about nieces and nephews? How about other people so long as they are a skip generation?

    Bruce Chalker from CO posted about 1 year ago:

    I too would like to see more articles like those mentioned above by Peter Peltz.

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